By R. Bourdeix, V. Saena Tuia and Alofa Leuluaialii

This website returns the information collected during four scientific visits conducted in 2001, 2010, 2012 and 2017 on behalf the Ministry of Agriculture of Samoa, the International Coconut Genetic Resources Network, the Secretatiat of the South Pacific Community, the Global Crop Diversity Trust, Bioversity International and the French Centre for Agricultural Research and Development, Coconut Industry Development for the Pacific (CIDP project) and the Darwin Initiative "Saving Pacific Coconuts".



General overview

Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa, formerly known as Western Samoa, is a sovereign state in Polynesia, encompassing the western part of the Samoan Islands in the South Pacific Ocean. The entire island group, inclusive of American Samoa, was known as the Navigators Islands before the 20th century because of the Samoans’ seafaring skills.

Coconut is the most predominant crop grown in Samoa. Its traditional value and multipurpose uses make it one of the most important crops in the everyday lives of Samoans as an important source of food and cash.

Landscaping two small Islands of Samoa using the Polymotu concept
Proposal for coconut conservation in the small islands of Samoa

Public lectures and communication
The new CIDP expertise on Coconut planting material in the Pacific region
Farmers and coconut associations in Samoa
About the first Coconut varietal contest organized in Samoa (1984)


List of coconut varieties recorded in Samoa in 2001
First visit in 2001: picturing Samoan coconut varieties

Ideas for replanting the Olomanu Seed garden
Copra making near Olomanu seed garden in 2001

In Nuu Research Station, Samoa
Collecting the Niu Afa variety in gardens and farmer's fields
Collecting the Niu Afa coconut in Olomanu seed garden
The Niu afa coconut variety
Earliest references on the niu kafa or niu afa variety.

Old lists of coconut varieties in Samoa by Christophersen (1935and Parham, 1972.
The Westec plantation and large previous replanting projects
Early Samoa, Niu afa and the naming of Niue Island
Old books to be further studied

Smallest Islands of Samoa
Landscapes of Upolu Island (South part)
Landscape of Upolu Island (North part)
Coconut palms varieties in Apia (in preparation)
Landscape of Savai (2001)
A survey of Apolima Island



Collecting coconut varieties for conservation
when Olomanu was the Samoan national coconut genebank



Technical information

For replanting material, please visit our website "Planting material for the Pacific region"

How to prepare leaflet samples for molecular analysis of coconut varieties.

About the first Coconut varietal contest organized in Samoa (1984)

The first coconut varietal contest in Samoa (and as far as we know the first in the world), was organized in October 1984 by Sammy Sione, from the Samoan Ministry of Agriculture. Fifty-three farmers brought each a sample of 10 whole fruits (with husk). These samples were weighted and then the kernels were extracted and weighted again. 

The table here under summarizes the results of this contest. Winners were those for which the percentage of kernel on the whole fruit was the highest, with values between 41.5 and 37.5 %. Analysis of the results shows some interesting patterns. The winners are not those who presented the heaviest fruits, but some of those who presented small or medium fruits with good composition. Many of the heaviest fruits have the baddest composition.

Names of winners are 

Iusi Misipati (Saleimoa), Sosaiete Aoga Faata'ita'I (Sapapali'i), Toago Savai'i (Leauvaa), again Sosaiete Aoga Faata'ita'I (Sapapali'i), Vaifale, and Peter Kohlhase (Vaimoso). It would be interesting to re-locate the farms were these fruits come from.

As a framework of comparison, we also included in the table some results obtained in Côte d’Ivoire for varieties from the Pacific available in the Coconut Genetic Resources database: Rangiroa Tall, Rennell Island Tall, Tahiti Tall, Tonga Tall and Solomon Island Tall. These values are averages calculated on a randomized sample of 50 palms per varieties. Obviously, this contest allowed to identify palms with fruits much bigger and with a better composition than values obtained on average from Pacific varieties.

Results of the first coconut varietal contest held in Samoa

Caption
10% Heaviest of best composition

10% Lightest of worst composition

Average

Other Pacific varieties as comparison

Winners


Rank of submission
Weight of 10 whole fruits (with husk, Kg)
Weight of Ten kernels  (Kg)
Ratio kernel/whole fruit
Names of farmers
or varieties for comparison
31
20
8,3
41,5
Iusi Misipati
26
20
8,2
41
Aoga Faata'ita'i
28
22,1
8,7
39,36652
Sapapali'i
25
20,9
8,15
38,99522
Toago Savai'i
27
21
8,1
38,57143
Sosaiete
1
20,5
7,8
38,04878
Vaifale
51
21,3
8
37,55869
Peter Kohlhase
17
22,4
8,34
37,23214
Oliana kotavi
24
21,9
8,1
36,9863
Tafili fareti
18
23,1
8,5
36,79654
Talia'i Fautu
3
22,3
8,1
36,32287
Fulu. Nose
4
22,5
8,15
36,22222
Pipi Esera
Comparison
12,48
4,48
35,89744
Tonga Tall
29
24,2
8,45
34,91736
Pule Afualo
42
21,7
7,5
34,56221
Joe Tui'a
Comparison
17,07
5,79
33,91916
Rennell Isl. Tall
Comparison
12,85
4,35
33,85214
Tahiti Tall
16
28,2
9,5
33,68794
Lifau Siaveave
Comparison
10,55
3,51
33,27014
Solomon Isl. Tall
Comparison
12,42
4,08
32,85024
Rangiroa Tall
12
24
7,85
32,70833
Taufua anesi
50
30,6
10
32,67974
Peauala Ene
8
26,2
8,51
32,48092
Lemasui Faasoesa
6
27,7
8,95
32,31047
Iakopo Natuatu
30
27,3
8,8
32,23443
Pologa Seni
32
24,2
7,8
32,2314
Motuuali'i Schmidt
2
25,3
8,15
32,21344
Fili. Pe'epe'e
9
25,4
8,14
32,04724
Toga"e Faagu
36
17,8
5,7
32,02247
Faafouina Nuia'u
38
21,9
7
31,96347
Lili'i Ioane
10
26,9
8,5
31,59851
Tupa'i Atata
41
29,8
9,3
31,20805
Sau Fialelei
Average
26,0
8,1
31,18783
Average
37
24,8
7,7
31,04839
Tulhauga Sikati
7
29,6
9,15
30,91216
Pa'a Fogava'a
22
27,5
8,45
30,72727
Atonio Samling
35
31,4
9,6
30,57325
Fulutusi Alao
52
21,3
6,5
30,51643
Sara Tololima
53
25,6
7,8
30,46875
Amituana'i Matuu
23
28,6
8,7
30,41958
Taua'i Ah Kuoi
45
34,3
10,3
30,02915
Ioana Penn
5
28,4
8,3
29,22535
Vili. Leilua
47
21,3
6,2
29,10798
Lata Esau
46
28,2
8,1
28,7234
Fia'Ava'e Noti
14
30,5
8,75
28,68852
Mutimuti Logovii
40
29
8,2
28,27586
Faleiva Ipopo
21
31,1
8,74
28,10289
Tino Tuva'a
48
22,3
6,1
27,35426
Eseta Lolo
11
31,9
8,65
27,11599
Aumale Tufanua
39
20,3
5,5
27,0936
Ufisina Tanielu
33
28,5
7,7
27,01754
Na'aliva Fuiva'a
13
32,4
8,75
27,00617
Malo Leu
43
20,1
5,4
26,86567
Kanino Lepupa
34
28,3
7,6
26,85512
Tauli Lakeko
15
33,7
8,85
26,26113
Fa'asalafa logovii
44
27,9
7,3
26,16487
Sale Malaga
20
36,3
9,05
24,93113
Tuva'a Eukese
49
29,1
7
24,05498
Aneterea Nanu
19
35,7x
8,57
24,0056
Seu Tuva'a

Source: old reports available at Nuu Research station, Maf Samoa.